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Blood pressure, (silent killer)

? What does blood pressure mean

Blood pressure is defined as the indicator of the strength of the heart to pump blood through blood vessels.

Blood pressure is one of the important indicators that give an impression of overall health, and the high or low blood pressure may be a sign of a health problem.

This can be explained more clearly by explaining that systolic blood pressure reflects pressure on the walls of blood vessels during the contraction of the heart to pump blood, and diastolic blood pressure reflects the pressure on the walls of blood vessels during the dilation of the heart, i.e between each contraction and other, and to understand blood pressure more Clearly, the following example can be struck: If the blood pressure is 117/80, the systolic blood pressure is equal to 117, while the diastolic blood pressure is equal to 80, measured in mm Hg. High systolic or diastolic blood pressure indicates that the heart is exerting more effort to pump blood, giving the impression that there is a factor or cause may be internal or external .

Normal blood pressure

Blood flows in all body blood vessels carrying oxygen and nutrients to various cells and tissues of the body. The term blood pressure is used to express the force that blood affects the walls of blood vessels during the pumping of the heart and running through them.

Blood pressure in human body varies during the day and night, It may increase during physical exertion and decrease during rest, due to the body’s need for greater amounts of oxygen during a physical effort to be able to complete the metabolism naturall

Diagnosis ***

Correct diagnosis is the key to correct treatment because any diagnostic mistake will undoubtedly be accompanied by a therapeutic mistake.
Hypertension

High blood pressure is diagnosed by measuring the blood pressure with an interval of at least four hours between every two consecutive times, and this is done using a mercury or electronic Sphygmomanometer (blood pressure meter). The tests that are performed are checking the albumin (protein) in urine, checking the presence of blood in urine, the urea/creatinine ratio in Urine to determine the effect of hypertension on kidneys, electrocardiogram (ECG), the blood cholesterol and blood sugar levels

If the patient is young and suffers from secondary hypertension, other several tests will be performed like the levels of 17 hydroxyprogesterone in urine and CT scan for the abdomen.

Hypotension

You can say that you have low blood pressure if you measure your blood pressure and found it less than 120/80 mm where the normal reading of blood pressure is 120/80 mm for people with low blood pressure

*** High blood pressure

High blood pressure is
also known as hypertension. Blood pressure is the amount of force exerted against the walls of the arteries as blood flows through them.
Image result for explain high blood pressure When your systolic pressure is between 120 and 129 mm Hg and your diastolic pressure is less than 80 mm Hg, it means you have elevated blood pressure. Although these numbers aren’t technically considered high blood pressure, you’ve moved out of the normal range

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Symptoms of High Blood
Pressure (Hypertension)

Symptoms of high blood pressure (hypertension) may appear after exposure to many factors that may cause it and after accumulation of their complications.

In other words, hypertension may occur suddenly and without obvious symptoms, so it is important to avoid the factors that may cause it and identify its initial symptoms.

Symptoms of hypertension :

• Recurrent headaches is one of the most important symptoms of hypertension.

• Vertigo and Dizziness

• irregular heartbeat.

• nausea and vomit.

• Severe headache in the back of the head.

• Severe fatigue, general debility, weakness, exhaustion, and laziness.

• Persistent stress

• difficult in controlling the body and inability to carry it and persistent hands tremor.

• Frequent sonitus (tinnitus).

• Shortness of breath and difficulty breathing.

• Bleeding from the nose.

• Blurred vision.

• Urinary tract infection, feeling burning while urination.

*** Low blood pressure

Hypotension is the medical term for low blood pressure (less than 90/60). A blood pressure reading appears as two numbers. The first and higher of the two is a measure of systolic pressure, or the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats and fills them with blood

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Symptoms of Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension)

Low blood pressure (hypotension) may be normal in some people, and asymptomatic (does not cause any symptoms).

In some patients, it may indicate a particular problem, especially if the hypotension occurs suddenly, or accompanied by symptoms. These symptoms appear as a result of low blood flow to the body organs, and the symptoms vary according to the affected organ.

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Symptoms of hypotension :

1 – dizziness or vertigo.

2 – Fainting.

3 – fatigue and general debility.

4 – shortness of breath, and may be accompanied by chest pain.

5 – Nausea. 6 Loss of The Treatment HypertensionThe treatment of high blood pressure (hypertension) is divided into two main parts :First: modify lifestyle and avoid bad habits that increase the risk of hypertension.Second: using antihypertensive drugs, which in turn prevent the occurrence of new complications. Changing Lifestyle :Changing Lifestyle :The patient must modify his lifestyle and the most important changes should be:• Reduce the salt intake to less than 6 grams (teaspoon) or less than 3 grams if the patient suffers from other diseases such as diabetes.• Stop bad habits: stop smoking, drink alcohol and reduce stimulant drinks.• Sports: A patient with hypertension should exercise light like walking for half an hour a day as this sport is very useful in the treatment of high blood pressure as well as protection from many other diseases.• Eat plenty of healthy foods such as vegetables and fruits and avoid high-fat foods.• Weight Loss.Pharmaceutical Treatment:Medications for the treatment of hypertension are prescribed by the doctor after diagnosis and are divided into several types:• Diuretics: works to rid the body of fluids and salts in excess of the need.• Alpha blockers: works to relax blood vessels and reduce their resistance.• Beta blockers: reduce the strength of the heart contraction and slow its speed and also reduce the resistance of blood vessels.• Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI): act on the relaxation of blood vessels and are considered to be the best medicines used to lower blood pressure, especially for people with chronic kidney disease and heart failure.• Calcium channel blockers: dilates the walls of blood vessels and reduces the resistance applied to the heart.• Renin inhibitors: Minimize or prevent the release of renin from the kidney because this enzyme acts to produce a series of chemical reactions that eventually lead to high blood pressure. Doctors recommend the use of aspirin at low daily doses to reduce the incidence of stroke.Herbs :• Saffron: works to lower high blood pressure where it can be added to some meals or consumed in the form of saffron.• Celery: Eat celery freshly without cooking to get a better result for the treatment of high blood pressure.• Carrots: Eat carrots or its juice as it helps lower blood pressure.• Broccoli: Eat broccoli fresh, it contains compounds act as an antihypertensive blood pressure and eating fresh so as not to lose a proportion of its compounds during cooking.The Treatment Hypotension• Increase the intake of foods that contain a large proportion of vitamin B, which proved its ability to improve the regulation of blood pressure and circulation.• Reduce the intake of sugar and high-fat foods and be careful to eat quantities of vegetables and fresh fruits.• Drink water daily in the required quantities, especially that the dehydration leads to low blood pressure.• A special diet by increasing the amount of salt and sodium and thus increase the volume of blood which leads to high blood pressure with the need to consult a doctor.• Eat healthy drinks and avoid hot drinks.• Wear comfortable socks as it keeps the blood circulation organized and thus maintain blood pressure.Herbs :• Barley: 3 tablespoons barley grain is milled and 3 tablespoons of mineral water are added, mixed well, covered and then left for 7 hours. Drink this mixture in the morning and evening, and you can add fruit to taste this prescription helps lowering blood pressure.• Beetroot: Beetroot is minced with salad or juice or can be added to lemon juice, which has a significant effect in raising low blood pressure.• Raisins: It is an excellent treatment to reduce blood pressure naturally, soak a handful of about 30-40 tablets of raisins in a glass of water all night, and then eat them all in the morning on an empty stomach.

Hypertension

When you have high blood pressure, you should go immediately to the emergency department in the hospitals to check the situation and make the necessary precautions to reduce your blood pressure to the normal levels.

These are some tips that can be used to reduce blood pressure until you get the exact treatment from the hospital

• Breathing: Considered as one of the most effective methods to reduce blood pressure.

• Drink tea: Drink four cups of tea a day to control the pressure

• Walking: Fast walking is a good way to reduce blood pressure so it is recommended to exercise for half an hour a day.

• Eat Garlic: Contains a large amount of nutrients necessary for the health of the body and which help to lower blood pressure.

• Almonds: Eat almonds helps to reduce blood pressure.

• Eat red Pepper: red pepper Helps lowering blood pressure.

• Cacao: Cocoa has a great ability to regulate the secretion of stress hormones and thus reduce blood pressure.

Hypotension

• Lie on your back and lift your legs..

• Mix a tablespoon of honey in a glass of water and add a little salt and drink it immediately

• Coffee drink handles this condition immediately.

• Drink plenty of water.

When you have high blood pressure, you should go immediately to the emergency department in the hospitals to check the situation and make the necessary precautions to reduce your blood pressure to the normal levels.

These are some tips that can be used to reduce blood pressure until you get the exact treatment from the hospital

• Breathing: Considered as one of the most effective methods to reduce blood pressure.

• Drink tea: Drink four cups of tea a day to control the pressure

• Walking: Fast walking is a good way to reduce blood pressure so it is recommended to exercise for half an hour a day.

• Eat Garlic: Contains a large amount of nutrients necessary for the health of the body and which help to lower blood pressure.

• Almonds: Eat almonds helps to reduce blood pressure.

• Eat red Pepper: red pepper Helps lowering blood pressure.

• Cacao: Cocoa has a great ability to regulate the secretion of stress hormones and thus reduce blood pressure.

Hypertension

When you have high blood pressure, you should go immediately to the emergency department in the hospitals to check the situation and make the necessary precautions to reduce your blood pressure to the normal levels.

These are some tips that can be used to reduce blood pressure until you get the exact treatment from the hospital

• Breathing: Considered as one of the most effective methods to reduce blood pressure.

• Drink tea: Drink four cups of tea a day to control the pressure

• Walking: Fast walking is a good way to reduce blood pressure so it is recommended to exercise for half an hour a day.

• Eat Garlic: Contains a large amount of nutrients necessary for the health of the body and which help to lower blood pressure.

• Almonds: Eat almonds helps to reduce blood pressure.

• Eat red Pepper: red pepper Helps lowering blood pressure.

• Cacao: Cocoa has a great ability to regulate the secretion of stress hormones and thus reduce blood pressure.

Hypotension

• Lie on your back and lift your legs..

• Mix a tablespoon of honey in a glass of water and add a little salt and drink it immediately

• Coffee drink handles this condition immediately.

• Drink plenty of water.

• Lie on your back and lift your legs..

• Mix a tablespoon of honey in a glass of water and add a little salt and drink it immediately

• Coffee drink handles this condition immediately.

• Drink plenty of water.

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